The social organization in agricultural production
According to Meirelles (2004), it emerges as a socio-environmental response to the problems caused by the Green Revolution. Through agroecological practices, the objective is to keep families in the field with the sustainable management of soils, the conservation of natural resources, the valorization of knowledge. and the independence of small farmers who market their products without the presence of the intermediary.
Thus, the present research aimed to analyze aspects of a socioeconomic and environmental nature arising from the practices experienced by family farmers, in order to verify whether agroecological activities developed enable the strengthening of family-based agriculture. MethodologyThe methodology consists of a case study carried out at the Mossoró Agroecological Fair / RN.
Dialogged interviews were carried out
which resembles a pyramid whose upper part, urban-industrial, nourishes itself parasitically from the lower floors represented by the rural and natural sectors (TOLEDO, 1992). public policies aimed at agriculture have somehow reinforced this model by not clearly establishing the role demanded from different modes of production, such as those practiced by conventional and family farming.
with six producers who participate in APROFAM (Association of Mossoró Agroecological Producers and Producers) and who commercialize their production weekly at that Fair. The production units of all respondents are located in different rural settlements in the municipality of Mossoró. For the present research and based on the Brazilian agrarian reform,
- rural settlements must be understood as agricultural production units, created through government policies ” aiming at the reordering of land use, for the benefit of rural workers without land or
- with little land “(BERGAMASCO; NORDER, 1996, p. 7). As Leite (2004) explains, rural settlements cover
- different situations that are shaped according to the historical context in which they are inserted.
Likewise, the beneficiaries of these production units are quite diverse. In the context of rural settlements, the expectation of family farming is for the family unit to reproduce so that it becomes socially and economically viable within the capitalist universe. Therefore, and commercialization has become an ally in this process.
The data discussed here, later, were obtained through on-site visits, photographic record and survey of qualitative and quantitative data from January to March 2012. The issues addressed in the survey included production with an emphasis on the product, the quantity produced and sold, the main difficulties faced in
Production and sale, among other aspects.
Regarding commercialization, it was investigated about the place where it occurs, technical assistance, price formulation, and its periodicity, that is, if it occurs in the twelve months of the year, which products are most commercialized, among others. We also sought to learn about the socio-environmental aspects in terms of how they understand their practices, their work with the land, how they get the inputs,
- what the Fair means to them and what benefits they get from producing under the agroecological logic. The interviews were conducted using a semi-structured
- script, recordings of the testimonies of the farmers and photographic records. The information and data obtained were subsequently analyzed quantitatively
- and in an attempt to understand the complexity that exists there. Theoretical frameworkFamily Agriculture and Sustainability
Support for family agriculture is a reality in countries with better development rates, such as the United States and Japan, these have common features in terms of access to land, and also the incentive to agrarian reform (GUANZIROLI , 2001). In Brazil, this perspective is still very recent, as it is only in recent years that we have seen an increase in investment by the Government in family farming,
expressed through policies aimed at rural extension and technical assistance, the purchase of food, the production of agrofuels, among others (WEID, 2010). This does not mean that investments in agribusiness, through public policies, have been neglected. The confusion that there are two models of agriculture (commercial and family) causes the government to apply scarce resources in a
Diffuse way and without strategic planning .
In agricultural production, some crops become viable on a large scale and intensive in capital, such as platform products (grains and cereals). Such products generate income and foreign exchange for the country and cannot be discarded. Other cultures are labor intensive and have family management characteristics (fruit and horticulture), which does not prevent them from being returned to the market.
nature and society and explain the excessive growth of the productive forces and the instrumental subordination to which nature is subjected. a set of mechanisms, not only economic, but also political, social and cultural, has been reproduced throughout the world, which favored the urban-industrial model over the rural-natural model. Such dichotomy contributed to the production of the social and ecological sequelae of the current civilizing model,
- However, whether large or small producer, it is necessary to encourage technological adoption and efficient use of resources. If modernization does not
- happen, agriculture remains with a degree of structural heterogeneity that precludes inclusive growth. (VIEIRA
- FILHO, 2011, p. 1) Therefore, it is necessary that public policies are organized in order to think of a viable model of development, which in Western perception,
Is linked to a vision born since the industrial revolution in which the natural world and the human world distanced themselves (GONZÁLEZ DE MOLINA, 2004). Tal concepção coloca o homem no centro do universo e justifica a manipulação dos sistemas naturais com a perspectiva de ordená-los de acordo com uma lógica reducionista.Na relação que a sociedade estabelece com a natureza prevalece a racionalidade econômica que considera comomain factor is the capital recovery cycle.
This notion, however, does not assume the perspective of co-responsibility with nature, and consequently does not consider the negative externalities caused by the productive processes on the environment (HERNÁNDEZ, 2011). The search for the maximum benefit of capital and the rationality of profit, embodied in the notions of production and wealth, are at the basis of the relationship between