The imported species is gaining space among farmers.
2012 – African mahogany grows fast and gains space among farmers African mahogany promises to move the hardwood market in. It grows fast and is said to make quality furniture. There was a time when mahogany in with good and noble wood. Not so long ago, mahogany became a police case.
In December 2002, loggers felled hundreds of thousands of mahogany trees, which would be sold for 300 million reais. With this predatory exploitation, stocks of native mahogany have become rarer in the Amazon rainforest and their cutting has been banned. However, all is not lost, because another type of mahogany is gaining strength in which, without affecting our forests, can end the lack of lovers of this noble wood.
At the headquarters of Embrapa Amazônia-Oriental, in Belém, Pará, the history of African mahogany in begins. The agronomist, Urano de Carvalho, says that the leafy trees in the central garden of the institution were the first specimens of the species planted . The seeds were brought by another researcher from Embrapa in 1976.
African mahogany is from the same family as mahogany,
andirobeira, cedar, from the meliaceae family, but of different genres, with the name of African mahogany, in fact, in international market, four species are known ”, explains the agronomist. Of these four species, the one that has been giving us something to talk about here in is Khaya ivorensis, and thanks a lot to her success at Embrapa.
- “From its base to the stem, that is, the first branch, it is 13 meters high, now the diameter is also something fabulous,
- it is even difficult to measure, it measures 130 cm in diameter at the height of the chest. It is a growth rate,
- with an average annual increase in diameter of almost five cm. It is much more, there is no doubt.
I would say that African mahogany grows about 30% more ”, he declares. In addition to growing faster, African mahogany in does not suffer from the tip drill, a moth that attacks mahogany and which, until today, makes its commercial cultivation unfeasible. There are already several plantations of the African species in , but for now, they are only intended for the production of seeds,
because of their high commercial value: the price varies from R $ 1,200 to three thousand reais per kilo. Harvesting the fruits that contain the seeds of African mahogany is not the easiest thing in the world. These fruits are at the tip of the branches, on the periphery of the canopy that can reach 40 meters in height. At
they still have a crane that helps to do in one day the work that good climbers would take up to twenty days to do in conventional plantations. If they are not harvested closed, the fruits open up on the tree and the seeds fly with the wind. “It is harvested closed and after three to four days in the sun it starts to open.
Each fruit has between 60 and 70 seeds ”, explains the agronomist. To make the seedling, Uranus just pours the seed into a bag with eighty percent soil and twenty percent manure. “It covered the earth half an inch and it’s ready. It is a matter of waiting. With about 15 to 30 days the plants start to appear in the sachet. Four months after sowing, the seedling is in condition to be planted ”,
- he indicates. African mahogany wood is similar to that of and since it comes from outside, its exploitation is not legally restricted. To get to know its
- qualities, Globo Rural went to Minas Gerais. Forestry engineer Antônio Lelis Pinheiro, a professor at the Federal University of Viçosa, maintains some trees
- on campus for research purposes, along with 1,800 other species from around the world. The professor obtained from the State Forestry Institute an authorization to cut,
transport and saw some African mahogany trees that were approximately 20 years old and we will take this opportunity to see the inside of this wood. “The wood has a reddish-brown color, more tending to reddish, and then it will look a lot like native mahogany. Another interesting feature is that it has a weight, a very good density for the manufacture of furniture,
It far exceeded expectations
he explains. In Piraropa, a semi-arid region, on the banks of the São Francisco River, the firstAfrican mahogany trees outside the Amazon region. Antônio Serrati is an irrigated grape producer and in 2005 he decided to diversify. To make a tree grow on dry land, he had to invent it. “I had no information, so I started in the dark. However, I was the first to plant irrigated mahogany ”.
- Serrati has African mahogany on 10 of its 30 hectares. To bear the costs of an irrigated forest, in the early years, it combined the planting of trees with that
- of grapes. “When you are throwing fertilizer for the grape you are serving it for the mahogany, you are irrigating the
- grape you are serving it for the mahogany, you are doing the cultural treatments inside the grape,
you are observing if your trees have any disease, pest and so you will taking. This forest here is three months since I took the grape out of here. So, until now, I didn’t spend, he was here intruder in the middle of this grape ”, he explains. The producer hopes that this older mahogany will now develop on its own.
Until irrigation he decided to cut. “We hold the water for the root system to deepen and live on rainwater from now on,” he says. The plagues of African mahogany, for now, are the ants and the arapuá bees, which attack young trees.