Sustainable development of family-based agriculture.
This paper aimed at the evaluation of social, economic and environmental features arising from practices by APROFAM (Mossoró Agroecological Producers Association) family farmers, who commercialize their production at the Agroecological Fair, intending to analyze whether or not such practices provide sustainable development of family -based agriculture.
Aiming at this, dialogue interviews were conducted with six producers involved in APROFAM who commercialize their production on weekly basis. Data were obtained through in loco visits, photographs and qualitative-quantitative data collection between January and March 2012. Despite the creation of the fair having granted market access and enabled producers’ self-organization to acquire participative certification, more diversified production and an increase in family income,
Therefore promoting the permanence
of the families in the countryside, challenges to be overcome could be noticed, the 75% of interviewed subjects are unable to account their production costs or measure the commercialized quantities. There are still insufficiencies in technical advice and hydric availability, among other issues, which preclude strengthening of this social organization mode.Keywords: Agroecology; Sustainability;
- work aims to evaluate social, economic and environmental aspects derived from the practices of family farmers in
- APROFAM (Association of Productors and Productoras Agroecológicas de Mossoró), which market their production in the
- Agroecological Fair, in order to analyze themselves practical tips provide
With this objective, dialogued interviews were held with six producers who participate in APROFAM and who commercialize their production weekly. The data was obtained through on-site visits, photographic record and collection of quantitative data in the March 2012 period. Despite the fact that the creation of the fair made it possible to access the local market,
the organization on the part of it of producers to acquire participatory certification, a more diversified production and an increase in family income, factors that helped families stay in the field, as it was noted that there are challenges to overcome, given that 75% of them interviewees do not manage to account for their production costs in order to measure marketed songs. There are still insufficiencies of technical advice and water availability, among others,
Which make it impossible to strengthen
this form of social organization. Palabras clave: Agroecología; Sustainability; Espacio rural Introduction Agriculture is a differential in Brazilian production. However, it is not a sector that develops without conflicts and brings with it a dispute between different subjects that put agribusiness on one side, as a modality dictated by capital and, on the other, family farming, which still resists the complete surrender to that capitalist mode of production (MARQUES et al., 2011, p.1).
Agribusiness is understood as a set of activities linked to the production and transformation of agricultural products. It constitutes an association between various activities related to agriculture and livestock, such as pastoral practices, product storage, transportation and sale of goods (BACHA, 2004). Thus, it is understood that there are several products derived from this system, “since the more traditional ones like grains and animals in natura,
- even cuts of noble meats, industrialized products such as soybean oil, breaded, pasteurized milk and several other derivatives of vegetables and animals “,
- (MARQUES et al., 2011, p.3) . The attribution of value to primary production
- consolidated the expanded reproduction of capital as the prices of products exceeded the costs of productive activities (idem).
The modernization of agriculture brought about changes in labor relations, land use, production on population dynamics. This process affected the actors of agricultural production in different ways. If, on the one hand, it provided benefits for agribusiness agents, on the other hand it triggered for others, such as family farmers, reproduction difficulties and to make their production viable in the face of
The challenges imposed by the market.
This problem is accentuated with the advancement of the conventional agriculture model, which has proved unsustainable, especially from the socio-environmental point of view. What predominates in this model is the maximization of profit and production, without taking into account the social aspects of families, who are forced to abandon their lands in addition to having to abandon the capacity of natural agroecosystems (GRAZIANO NETO, 1985).
strategies for implementing agribusiness resulted in a process of technological modernization in the rural world. For Miller (2008), the technological package (use of machines and industrial inputs, and other techniques, in order to make extensive production viable) introduced after the Verdeii Revolution caused an increase in the use of inputs to control pests,
in the cultivation of soil, monoculture, irrigation, causing health problems, natural imbalances, through excessive extraction of natural resources, undermining their capacity. However, such productive logic can be thought beyond the technical factors presented. According to Sauer (2011, p. 23), it represents “a political and symbolic antagonism to family farming, considering it an archaic and inefficient
Way of producing and cultivating the land,
Especially for not incorporating a certain technical rationality”. Access to technological innovations, and the consequent optimization of production, constitutes a factor that differentiates producers with regard to their participation in market dynamics (MARQUES et al., 2011). Such a scenario indicates that to seek a different market from agribusiness,
family farmers need to act in a field more conducive to the type of production they develop thus, the agroecological practice is built as a possibility of sustainability for the rural environment, by having a technoscientific base and strategies for rural development compatible with those used family farming. For Altieri (1989), its main purpose is to provide scientific bases, to support the process of transition from the current model of conventional agriculture, to sustainable farming styles.
However, it is necessary to recognize the challenges of the transition from one model to another, which involves the economic, technological, social and cultural dimension. Approaching the perspective of sustainable development in rural areas is to recognize its complexity with regard to its composition social, daily practices and social and economic relations, which sometimes extend beyond that space. Family farming and agroecologyAgroecology is on the one hand “the study of economic processes and agroecosystems, on the other hand, it is an agent for the complex social and ecological changes