Modern technologies than conventional agriculture
Considering this context, it is possible to realize that family farming is, in fact, an activity related to the use of natural resources, as it uses less and is less intensive than conventional in what concerns the use of external inputs. This is due to the fact that the family farmer is
“essentially the holder of the means of production and his relationship with the land is based on the use value given to the productive area, with a relative degree of affection with the land” (MARQUE et al ., 2011, p. 4). In this way, such a productive organization is aligned with the definition of sustainability. Family farming “[…] is highly integrated into the market, capable of incorporating the main technical advances and responding to government policies […]” (ABRAMOVAY , 1992, p. 22).
Family farming is a new category
generated by the transformations experienced by developed capitalist societies. What was a way of life has become a profession, a way of working. It also emphasizes that “family farming and agribusiness are members of the same order: contemporary capitalist agriculture” (ABRAMOVAY, 1992, p. 130). Wanderley (2009, p. 156) understands family agriculture “as the one in that the family, while owning the means of production, takes over the work in the productive establishment “.
- It ensures that family farming is a concept with significant historical roots. Thus, it highlights that the transformations that occurred in modern family farming cannot be
- seen as a total rupture of peasant forms, since they are based on the relationship between property, work and family. Family farming emerges with
- the objective of “building a representation, for the social segment capable of distancing it from the view of delay and inefficiency “(SAUER, 2008, p. 25).
Delgado (2009) emphasizes that this emergence is due to some reasons, of which we highlight: the loss of political relevance of rural wage earners; the greater social and political complexity of small farmers; the progressive disappointment with the modernization of agriculture and its inability to meet the demands of these farmers and the intensification of intellectual reflection and the debate on the permanence,
meaning and economic and social importance of family farming for a more democratic and inclusive rural development. It is a fact that family farming develops its agricultural practices based on the ownership of the means of production, involving the participation of the whole family, in addition to being developed
The farmers’ own place of residence.
In this sense, it is clear that even with investments in large-scale agriculture, it has become imperative to recognize the capacity that it has shown to develop socially and economically. Family farming is due to the diversification of products, low cost, use and optimization inputs, in addition to their capacity to cause less damage to the environment than conventional agriculture.
As a holder of the means of production, the family farmer seeks to produce for both subsistence and commercialization. For this reason, we sought to discuss the production and marketing strategies of family farming in the search for greater sustainability. Fernández and Garcia (2001) believe that the formation of a society, whose attitude is coexistence with nature, and not exploitation, is essential for sustainable agriculture.
- Sustainable agriculture contains the following elements: a stable and efficient production of resources production, food security and self-sufficiency, the use of
- agroecological management practices, the preservation of family agriculture and local culture, self-management and participation of farmers, as well as the conservation and recovery of natural resources.
From a view of complexity it also involves social, cultural and political aspects. It is much more than a set of techniques and assumes its relevance for a great process of social change, of peasant resistance against globalization and the dominant rural development model (ALTIERI and NICHOLLS, 2000 apud HERNÁNDEZ, 2011).
Family farming has been moving away
it is necessary to recognize that from the view of backwardness and inefficiency, as well as from production only of subsistence and “aversion” to the market, as it has sought to establish strategies for entering the market in a sustainable manner. Faced with the perspective of sustainability for rural areas, alternative proposals for commercial space arise, such as, for example, agroecological fairs.
- It is understood that to deal with family farming it is necessary to dialogue with the perspective of sustainability, where strategies, public policies to encourage
- production and marketing can subsidize a form of local development, based on equity, valuing farmers and their
- knowledge, the diversity of their production, in a way that is committed to the environment and society.
of rural populations through self-management of their environmental resources, signal the possibility of moving from preventive and remedial policies in the face of the process of socio-environmental degradation to the construction of a productive rationality on solid bases of equity and sustainability.
These are the principles that guide social movements towards the reappropriation of nature, their cultures, their knowledge, their practices and their productive processes, paving the way through the establishment of new environmental, cultural and collective rights. (LEFF, 2006, p. 486) In this context, agroecology is a path that reconciles family farming and sustainability for rural areas.